Identification of articles for completion of the nursing profession assignment requires a search strategy where key terms derived from the research question are organized and entered into search engines and databases (Grewal, Kataria & Dhawan, 2016). The strategy is to ensure that one can access relevant, accurate, and high-quality scholarly materials that answer the research question and have met the required standards for publication. According to Grewal, Kataria & Dhawan (2016), the first step summarizes the research question by identifying nouns, proper nouns, action verbs, and other nouns or phrases that form the key concepts scaledown to specifics. It is required that one notes the synonyms and antonyms associated with the keywords and the meaning of abbreviations used to help to develop a fine-tuned approach during the research (Ho et a., 2016). Many words commonly form the keywords during research as a surgical medical nurse has other medically recognized synonyms and abbreviations that should be considered in obtaining sufficient research materials. Some of the commonly used synonyms in nursing assignments include “treatment plan” for “regimen,” “physician” for “doctor,” and abbreviations include EBP, which means evidence-based practice and RN for registered nurses.
In some cases, during my weekly article summary assignments, I use standard web search engines such as Google and Google Scholar to identify the peer-reviewed relevant to my research assignment. However, these engines’ use requires caution since many articles with generalized or contradicting information may be obtained hence the need to countercheck them in more scientific research databases (Shaheem & Ormsby, 2017). While using Google, I always ensure that I verify all the articles obtained after using the identified keywords by checking its citations by other authors on Google Scholar. Google Scholar allows me to scale down to more relevant, recent, and most cited articles due to its “sort by” and “cited by” options that aids in saving research time. I find such an approach helpful because I can also review other authors’ works who have cited the work and read their input from other research works. However, according to Grewal, Kataria & Dhawan (2016), a combination of databases and search engines id encouraged during research to broaden the number of sources where scholarly materials related to the research topic can be obtained.
Further, I use more multidisciplinary search databases like ProQuest, Web of Science, and SCOPUS that include many scholarly materials in science, social science, and medicine with advanced search options. Using these databases involves the same procedure used in the general search using Google, where keywords and their synonyms are used, but they contain subject-specific drop-down options (Shaheem & Ormsby, 2017). Other significant multidisciplinary web-based databases that I commonly use to retrieve various articles in my researches include PubMed, TRIP, Cochrane Library, Medline, CINAHL, MeSH, Embase, ERIC, and the Indian database (Ho et al., 2016). According to Grewal, Kataria & Dhawan (2016), most of these databases can be used effectively through their options that enable the user to explore their ‘use limit’ options to narrow to more specific search results. These options that can be used singly or in combination include limit by author, reviews (document type or article), subject head, date, keywords, and ‘search within’ option for keyword specifics.
One of my recent researches found scholarly articles that show myomectomy as a safe and efficacious procedure that can be used in place of hysterectomy for uterine fibroids treatment. I used keywords such as myomectomy, hysterectomy, safe, efficacious, and uterine fibroids. I used synonyms such as myomas for fibroids, secure for safe, effective for efficacious, and total uterus removal for hysterectomy, whereas the databases used included PubMed, Cochrane, Medline, and CINAHL.
Grewal, A., Kataria, H., & Dhawan, I. (2016). Literature search for research planning and identification of research problem. Indian journal of anaesthesia, 60(9), 635.
Ho, G. J., Liew, S. M., Ng, C. J., Hisham Shunmugam, R., & Glasziou, P. (2016). Development of a search strategy for an evidence based retrieval service. PloS one, 11(12), e0167170.
Shaheem, Y., & Ormsby, T. (2017). Top tips for finding high quality scholarly resources.